Assistant Referee Flag Signals
The Flag Signals.
The image above shows the various flag and lining positions that an Assistant Referee will need to use. A full set of individual flag signal images can be seen on the Referees Signals page.
1. Corner Kick Flag Signal: The Assistant Referee should run to the corner flag, then turn to face towards the center Referee, whilst pointing the Flag downwards towards the base of the corner flag post, using the hand that is nearest to the goal line.
2. Goal Kick flag signal: Face towards the halfway line at right angles to the field of play whilst pointing the flag into the field of play at 90 degrees away from the body. Stand (or move) adjacent to the goal area line (approx 5.5m (6 yds) up the touch line, away from the corner flag.
3. Attention Referee!: Wave the flag 'to and fro' above you. Use this signal to gain the attention of the center Referee. (For example - when violent conduct has been seen.) Wave the flag vigorously backwards and forwards until the center Referee sees it.
4. Throw-In to the right: Facing the field of play - put the flag out at a 45º degree angle from the body indicating the direction of the throw-in. Use the right arm to indicate right.
5. Throw-in to the left: Facing the field of play - put the flag out at a 45º degree angle from the body indicating the direction of the throw-in. Use the left arm to indicate left.
6. Crabbing: This is a method whereby the Assistant Referee faces the field of play and moves his body to the left or to the right by using crab-like leg movements to shift sideways, for the purpose of keeping in line with the second last slow moving defender. The flag must remain unfurled and visible to the center Referee at all times.
7 & 8. Running and sprinting and jogging: The Assistant Referee will need to train by running at different speeds interspersed with pauses. Apart from the physical training itself, the most important aspect of these maneuvers, is to get the Assistant Referees to change the flag from hand to hand to ensure that the flag is always facing INWARDS to the field of play. This will give the center Referee maximum visibility of the flag at all times.
9. Offside Signal: Put the flag straight up (no waving) to indicate to the center Referee, that an offside offence has occurred - then as soon as the center Referee has seen the flag signal, put the flag down to one of the following varied 3 positions (far, center or near).
It can sometimes happen, that the center Referee will want to keep play going when an offside has been flagged. He will acknowledge his Assistant Referee with an upraised arm. The Assistant Referee should then immediately drop the flag and continue with his duties.
10: Offside Far: Face the field of play and raise the flag at a 45º degree angle upwards into the sky, pointing into the field of play. This indicates to the center Referee that an offside offence has occurred on the far side of the field of play.
11. Offside Center (or Middle): Face the field of play and raise the flag at a 90º degree angle outwards from the body, pointing into the field of play. This indicates to the center Referee that an offside offence has occurred on the far side of the field of play.
12: Offside NEAR: Face the field of play and raise the flag at a 45º degree angle upwards from the ground, pointing downwards into the field of play. This indicates to the center Referee that an offside offence has occurred on the near side of the field of play.
13: Substitution Required: To inform the center Referee that a substitution is requested, raise the flag and hold it horizontal above the face. Do not place the flag in front of the face. It should be held slightly to one side to allow for unimpaired vision.